What are the changes in French sports practices in 2020? What consequences has the health crisis had? What are the contributions of the systems put in place to promote a sporting activity? The National Institute for Youth and Popular Education (Injep) presents the results for the period 2018-2020.
In order to have precise information to follow the evolution of the sports practices of the French, the National Institute of Youth and Popular Education (Injep)(new window)has set up, in conjunction with the Ministry of Sports, a national barometer of sports practices. Carried out for the first time in 2018, it is renewed every two years. It thus provides the information necessary to adjust public policies.
The national barometer of sports practices 2020 analyzes the changes in sports practices over the 2018-2020 period , taking into account the repercussions of confinement . It is also studying the contribution of the two devices:
Sports practices affected by confinement
For the two years 2018 and 2020, the practice of sport remained stable , around 65% (76% if we add the trips on foot, by bike, in scooters). The categories of the population which practice sport the most are young people , high incomes , and graduates . Fitness activities (walking, gymnastics) recorded the greatest increase.
Containment had a strong impacton sports activities causing a drop of 10 points in the rate of practitioners (53% at the time of the first confinement). All sports categories have been affected. Among people who practice sports regularly, 82% continued their activities during confinement and more particularly those who participated in fitness and gymnastics (86%).
Policies promoting sport
The law of January 26, 2016 on the modernization of our health system allowed the attending physician to prescribe physical activity, 16% of French people have benefited from it .
However, we note that the device does not sufficiently reach people suffering from overweight or obesity: 19% of obese people and only 13% of overweight people have benefited from it.
The encouragement given by employers and works councils to promote sport among employees has very favorable effects, the study notes. This aid is reflected in the provision of showers and changing rooms (7%), a dedicated room (7%), and a financial contribution (12%). One in five working people benefit from it. The effects of this encouragement to practice sport on the part of the employer are verified by comparing the rates of practice between employed persons and job seekers: