It should be noted that this INSEE indicator covers all deaths , all causes combined.
Deaths on the rise again at the start of 2021
According to the latest update from INSEE, between January 1 and March 29, 2021 , the number of daily deaths recorded is up 6% compared to 2020 (+ 7% in number of identical days, the year 2020 being a leap year) and compared to 2019.
In its previous updates, INSEE noted a very clear increase between October and early November, before a gradual decrease but slower than during the first wave until the end of December 2020. At the beginning of 2021, the INSEE observed a slight increase in the number of deaths during the month of January . The decrease observed during the month of February seems to continue throughout the month of March, according to still provisional data.
Almost all of the territories concerned
To follow the evolution of mortality in 2021, INSEE has chosen to focus on the comparison with 2019, a year without a Covid epidemic . At the start of the year, INSEE thus refers to January-February 2019, a period marked by a more virulent flu episode than in January-February 2020.
In mainland France, between January 1 and March 29, 2021, almost all regions experienced an increase in the number of deaths greater than the same period in 2019. The three regions most affected are Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (+ 15%), Grand-Est (+ 10%) and Hauts-de-France (+ 9%). In contrast, two regions recorded a lower number of deaths than the same period in 2019: Corsica (-3%) and Brittany (-1%).
At the departmental level in metropolitan France, three quarters of the departments recorded a higher number of deaths than the same period in 2019. The departments most affected are Haute-Saône (+ 24%), Deux-Sèvres (+ 24%) and the Alpes-Maritimes (+ 21%).
The overseas departments are experiencing contrasting trends with a very strong increase in Mayotte (+ 100%), a slight increase in Réunion (+ 5%), virtual stability in Guyana (-1%) and a decrease in Martinique (-6%) and Guadeloupe (-7%).
According to INSEE, the evolution of the number of deaths observed in the least populated departments must be interpreted with caution, this number being able to fluctuate more from one year to another.
The rise in deaths affects only the elderly
Over the period from January 1 to March 29, 2021 compared to the same period in 2019, the number of recorded daily deaths increases only for people over 65 years old (+ 7.5% for 65 to 74 year olds). , + 11.5% for those aged 75 to 84 and + 6% beyond).