In France, the population increased by 0.2% in 2020 , half of this increase being due to the natural balance , i.e. the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths. In 2020, this balance fell sharply because of the increase in the number of deaths related to the Covid-19 pandemic. According to INSEE figures, this balance is +67,000 people in 2020 . It was +140,100 people in 2019.
Net migration becomes the main growth factor for the French population in 2020 since it is estimated at +87,000 people .
Increase in deaths
In 2020, there were 669,000 deaths in France (+ 9.1% compared to 2019) , with a marked increase in the spring and at the end of the year in connection with the Covid-19 epidemic. This increase in deaths has particularly affected people aged 65 or over: 54,000 additional deaths compared to 2019 (+ 10.5%).
Fewer births and fewer marriages
In addition, INSEE notes the confirmation of a downward trend in the birth rate since 2015 with the birth, in 2020, of 736,000 babies (there were 753,000 births in 2019). This is the lowest number of births since the end of World War II, even though France remains the most fertile country in the European Union, ahead of Romania. The fertility rate now reached 1.83 children per woman in 2020 (compared to 1.86 in 2019).
As for marriages, they are in sharp decline with 155,000 marriages celebrated in 2020 (150,000 between people of different sexes and 5,000 between people of the same sex). These figures represent a decrease of 31% compared to 2019 . This decrease is to be linked to the Covid-19 epidemic. Indeed, at the time of the spring confinement, wedding celebrations had been banned. And when the celebrations were authorized again, the number of diners was limited. As a result, many wedding plans have been canceled or postponed.
Finally, for civil solidarity pacts (PACS), their number in 2019 stood at 196,000 (i.e. 13,000 fewer PACS compared to 2018).