of pooling information systems and unified command of departmental services. fire and emergency services (SDIS) of civil security. This new system, the deployment of which has been entrusted to the Digital and Civil Security Agency (ANSC) with the support of local authorities, is a response to the observation of ” a fragmented organization of the processing of alerts, unsatisfactory on the operational plan. “
Lack of interoperability and coordination
This lack of interoperability and coordination between the various alert management systems (SGA) and operational management (SGO), was notably observed during the 2015 attacks involving the intervention of various public services (SAMU, police, gendarmerie). , prefecture …) or during forest fires (lack of information between neighboring departments).
Certain systems are also considered obsolete or limited in capacity to process information, including within the critical systems of the Ministry of the Interior concerning filtering and control.
The rapporteur pleads for a ramp-up of the NexSIS project. It formulates a set of recommendations around three axes:
- strengthen the attractiveness of NexSIS by enhancing its operational and economic interest;
- strengthen the governance and resources of the ANSC, which is insufficiently endowed with human resources according to the rapporteur;
- guarantee a migration without regression to the new system by relying on the experience feedback from the ANSC.
Among the arguments in favor of deploying the NexSIS project, the rapporteur mentions the saving of nearly two thirds of operating costs over ten years ( 237 million euros compared to 600 million euros from 2005 to 2015) thanks in particular to pooling equipment and integrating technological advances in information sharing.
NexSIS 18-112, which is intended to be self-financing thanks to service fees, is partly financed by the State until 2023, as well as by an advance from SDIS investment grants.
For the moment, while the new system has already been tested, it does not have the capacity to extend entirely to the entire territory. Its gradual deployment, until 2026, will be based on several criteria:
- free membership of territories and fire and rescue services;
- a staggered deployment schedule taking into account several criteria (level of obsolescence of the systems in place, contractual risks with the service providers in place, capacities of local resources, upcoming holding of major international events on the national territory such as the World Cup rugby in 2023 and the Olympic Games in 2024).