This report gives an account of the exercise of its missions and gives new keys to understanding its action and the financing of political life in France.
More compliant accounts compared to the 2014 municipal ones
Among the decisions of the CNCCFP are in particular:
- 2,601 simple approvals (representing 50.89% of the accounts examined , against 41.49% in 2014 );
- 1,976 approvals after reform, that is to say most often withdrawal or addition of expenditure compared to those declared (38.66%, against 51.28% in 2014);
- 184 rejections (3.60% of audited accounts in 2020, 3.79% in 2014).
Candidates who receive at least 5% of the vote and whose accounts are approved are entitled to reimbursement from the State if they have financed all or part of their expenses with their personal contribution. Of the 3,987 candidates concerned in 2020, 66.6% were reimbursed for at least 90% of their contribution.
The 2020 municipal elections took place in a health context marked by Covid-19 . In application of the emergency law of March 23, 2020 :
- the deadline for submitting campaign accounts has been extended;
- the expenditure ceiling has been increased by 20% for the candidates present in the second round.
Only municipalities with at least 9,000 inhabitants come under the remit of the Commission. In these 1,180 cities, 5,111 of the 5,190 leading candidates had to file a campaign account because they had:
- obtained at least 1% of the votes cast;
- obtained less than 1% of the vote but received donations from natural persons.
They are 141 candidates not to have deposited their account and 108 did so after the deadline.
The receipts declared by the candidates amount to 120.77 million euros and the expenses to 116.18 million (respectively + 14.4% and + 13.4% compared to the municipal ones of 2014). Personal contribution remains the main source of funding for applicants (over 69% of income). The share of expenses linked to the Internet and audiovisual productions is increasing (+ 66%), unlike that of printing costs (the first item of expenditure).
Parties less respectful of their obligations
In 2020, the Commission examined the 2019 accounts of political parties. Of the 591 parties required to submit their accounts, 152 did not comply with their legal obligations in 2019 (compared to 118 in 2018), of which 92 did not submit their accounts, the majority of parties without real existence and not having conducted eventually the dissolution formalities.
In addition to the ban on financing an electoral campaign, failure by a party to fulfill its obligations can lead to the loss of public support for a maximum period of three years. The Commission forwarded 82 reports to the courts.
Work to enable the dematerialized filing of campaign and political party accounts is continuing. The deposit platform is called Fin’Pol (for political funding). Its version 1, implemented in March 2021, is intended for the presidential election of 2022.