Announced by Emmanuel Macron in September 2020, the extension of paternity leave is provided for by the Social Security financing law for 2021 . This measure follows the submission of the report on ” The first 1000 days of the child “, carried out by the commission of experts chaired by the neuropsychiatrist Boris Cyrulnik.
At the birth of a child, the father or the second parent will now be able to benefit from 25 days of paternity leave (against 11 previously) compensated by social security. To this are added the 3 days of birth paid by the employer, bringing the total duration of the leave to 28 days (35 days in the event of a multiple birth). This leave applies for children born from July 1 or born before but whose birth was supposed to take place from that date.
A lever towards greater equality between men and women
Paternity leave has changed little since its introduction in 2002. While nearly seven out of ten fathers take this leave at the birth of their child, strong disparities remain, according to a report from the General Inspectorate of Social Affairs in 2018.(new window). Indeed, the recourse rate is much higher among fathers who hold a stable job: it is 80% for employees on permanent contracts and 88% for civil servants, against 48% for employees on fixed-term contracts and 13% for job seekers.
Fathers do not ask for paternity leave most often for professional reasons. This is why part of the paternity leave(new window)becomes compulsory from July 1, 2021: four consecutive days must be set immediately after the three-day birth leave. The remaining 21 days are not compulsory and can be taken in portions within six months of the birth.
The objective of this reform is to allow parents to take on complementary roles with their child and thus fight against gender inequalities:
- by involving fathers more in the care of children and domestic tasks;
- by reducing the effects of the arrival of a child on women’s professional careers (interruption or reduction in activity, etc.).