In his information report entitled “Vitamin or morphine: what future for aid to the written press? “ , The senator reviews the different forms of aid to the press.
It combines indirect aid from which the sector benefits (allowance for journalists or peddlers, reduced VAT, tax credit for patrons or as part of the subscription to capital for an individual or a company, etc.). He also pleads in favor of a reform of the system with aid conditional on the modernization efforts of the various actors.
Aid focused on three axes
Public aid to the press was put in place in 1947 with the Bichet law to guarantee the plurality of the press and placed under the authority of the Regulatory Authority for Electronic Communications, Posts and Press Distribution(new window)(ARCEP) since its revision with the law on the modernization of the press of 2019 .
This aid amounts to 118.1 million euros in the 2021 finance law. It is broken down into three areas:
- the aid distribution (33%) regarding the porting and posting of magazines and newspapers classified as political and general information (IPG);
- the aid pluralism (20%) that caters to regional newspapers, departmental and local IPG, low advertising resources and low levels of advertisers;
- the modernization aid (47%), to the daily press IPG encompassing the areas of distribution and dissemination, which also includes a strategic fund for the development of the press and a fund to support the emergence and innovation of the press.
Since 2019, this aid has also been addressed to online press services which received less than 10% of the total aid paid in 2021.
All types of structures combined, 415 entities were beneficiaries in 2019 for an amount of 77.4 million euros. In 2011, this aid concerned 394 beneficiaries but for an amount twice as high (150 million euros).