The “Climate and Resilience” bill intends to materialize certain proposals of the Citizen’s Climate Convention. However, a report by the High Climate Council (HCC) and a decision by the Council of State consider the government’s efforts to meet its commitments to fight climate change as mediocre.
the annual report of the HCC to strengthen mitigation and initiate adaptation but also the decision of the Council of State of July 1, 2021 on greenhouse gas emissions(new window) underline the shortcomings of France’s current trajectories in order to:
- to respect its commitments under the Paris Agreement ;
- and achieve the goals set for 2030.
The decision of the highest French administrative court thus came just after the High Council, in its report, highlighted certain weaknesses in the management of climate policies.
Public policies still too little aligned with the climate objectives of 2030
- The report of the High Council for the climate
“Two-thirds of the French population already strongly or very strongly exposed to climate risk.” Despite the 1.9% drop in emissions in 2019 and estimated at 9.2% in 2020 due to the shutdown of the economy by the Covid-19 pandemic, the High Council for the Climate considers the current efforts insufficient to guarantee the achievement of the greenhouse gas reduction targets set by France.
The HCC welcomes the progress made in the construction and industrial sectors followed by agriculture. Transport remains the leading emitter of greenhouse gases (31%) in France, the only sector to increase between 1990 and 2019.
The High Council calls on the government to perpetuate the financing of the economic recovery plan intended to reduce emissions. He also suggests bringing forward the date of stopping the sale of thermal vehicles to 2030, the end of fossil fuels for heating buildings or the end of tax exemptions on fuel oil, especially for agricultural use.
- The decision of the Council of State
The decision of the Council of State gives reason to the municipality of Grande-Synthe (North) which considers itself threatened by the rise of the sea level. The Council of State orders the Prime Minister to take “all useful measures allowing to ‘bend the curve of greenhouse gas emissions produced on the national territory “in order to ensure its compatibility with the objectives, ie a drop of 40% by 2030 compared to 1990. The Council of State matches this decision on a deadline of March 31, 2022 to review its objectives under penalty of financial strain.
The measures envisaged by France to strengthen its climate action
In a press release dated July 1, 2021 , the government “takes note” of the decision of the Council of State and reiterates its determination to strengthen its “climate action” by:
- the mobilization of an additional 30 billion euros within the framework of France Relance, dedicated in particular to the renovation of buildings, the reduction of emissions from industry, agriculture and the development of clean transport;
- the new legislative measures contained in the “Climate and Resilience” bill, such as the establishment of support for all households who want to renovate their homes, the development of low-emission zones in cities with more than 150,000 inhabitants, support for renewable energies, simplification of the deployment of charging stations for electric vehicles or the obligation to fully compensate for domestic theft;
- a “strong commitment” at the level of the European Union, during its future presidency .