For the third time since the reform of union representativeness in 2008 , the measurement of the audience of union organizations – established every four years – conditions their representativeness (at least 8% of the votes cast) as well as their ability to sign agreements. collectives.
In addition to the criterion of their audience, trade unions must meet several other criteria in order to be representative: respect for republican values, independence, financial transparency, two years’ seniority in the professional and geographical field covering the level of negotiation, the influence of organizations, membership numbers and contributions.
Trade union audience and representativeness in 2021
Among the trade unions having obtained an audience greater than or equal to 8% at national and inter-professional level, the results of the calculation of the union audience in 2021(new window) place the CFDT as the leading trade union in the private sector.
Audience measurements for the 2017-2020 cycle
The measurement of the trade union audience results from a continuous process of consultation with the social partners(new window) members of the High Council for Social Dialogue (HCDS) which guarantees its transparency.
Between 2017 and 2020, 5,398,796 employees voted in various ballots. This volume is constant compared to 2017, while since then the various employee representation bodies have been merged into a single social dialogue body, the Social and Economic Committee (CSE).
The audience measurement results from the grouping of the scores recorded by the trade unions over the 2017-2021 cycle during:
- professional elections (Social and Economic Committee) organized in companies with at least 11 employees between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2020;
- the union election organized among employees of companies with less than 11 employees and home employees, which took place from March 22 to April 6, 2021;
- elections to the departmental chambers of agriculture, for agricultural production employees, which took place in January 2019.
The HCDS must then issue an opinion on the list of representative trade unions at national and inter-professional level in July 2021, then at the level of the various branches in the second half of the year. Finally, these will be the subject of decrees of representativeness of the Ministry of Labor.